What is a programming language?
A programming language is a platform used by developers to communicate with a computer. These languages are notions of instructions set for implementing desired actions of a machine or to develop an algorithm.
With the rise of technology, learning a programming language is becoming essential for prospective career opportunities but beginning your journey towards computer-based knowledge and skills may become confusing and complex for some. The purpose of this blog is to guide beginners into the labyrinth of programming languages and equip them with fundamental knowledge of programming.
Why do we use programming languages?
To obtain the desired action from a computer, it is important for the intent to be clear. Using the English language to deliver instructions is too ambiguous for the computer to determine the intent of the programmer, therefore using programming languages may limit the vagueness that may be caused. Computers are manipulated by binary digits, called bits. Bits are too small to be used so they are grouped to form bytes, these contain information to be processed by the computer.
Levels of programming languages
There are numerous forms of programming languages with their own specific instructions but all these languages differ on the basis of their level of abstraction. Hence, these languages can be categorized into two types:
- Low-Level Language
- High-Level Language
Low-level languages are the programming languages that are presented in binary with low levels of abstraction from the hardware, therefore they are also known as machine-level languages. These kinds of languages are non-readable and non-portable, they can only be understood by the same type of processor it was based upon.
High-level languages are designed to process the interaction between humans and computers by having limited knowledge and skills. These languages are easily understandable using command words and syntax. However, a compiler is needed to transfer the instructions from high-level languages into low-level languages.
How to learn a programming language (A small guide)
Understand the basics of programming
The first step to learn a programming language is to learn the fundamentals of programming and computer architecture. Getting familiar with programming words such as abstraction, level of abstraction, microchips, bytes, transistor, CPU, RAM and data is very important before you begin learning an actual programming language.
Choose a programming language
It is encouraged for beginners to start learning programming languages which are high-level languages and easy to learn. Python is one of the best languages for beginners due to its accessibility and easy to learn concepts.
Best way to learn any language is to practice! Start creating your own small projects and write your own codes into a code editor. You may also try to unpack someone else’s code to delve deeper into programming.
Utilize online and offline resources
You can opt for different courses regarding programming whether it is in online or offline mode. You may either seek professional help by going to proper tutors or self-study programming using textbooks and online tutorials. Choose the option feasible for you and your interests.
Top Programming Languages to learn
Top Programming Language: Python
Python is undoubtedly one of the most popular programming languages to learn. It’s best for beginners to indulge in the programming world as it’s not only a high-level language but also accessible with easy-to-use mechanisms. Many Popular social media platforms such as Pinterest and Instagram are built on the basis of python.
It also has multiple uses, it can be used for web development, software development and even system scripting. It can work on different platforms, with quick prototyping and a broad standard library. However, python is considered a slow language which makes mobile app development impractical.
Top Programming Language: Java
Java is another relatively beginner-friendly programming language. It is also a high-level language but is a little more difficult than python. Java is used by large organizations due to its stability and portability across platforms. It is mostly used for Android and IOs app development, therefore it should be one of your top choices when building mobile apps.
Java supports multithreading and follows the OOP paradigm with extensive open source libraries, however, it requires memory management that may be expensive and is a slower language.
It is a high-level language that is easier to learn than other programming languages, however, it might be interpreted differently on other browsers, making it a little complex.
Top Programming Language: C/C++
C language or the superset of the C language, C++ is utilized in almost all low-level systems, therefore if your interest is based on system-level programming, you should consider learning C/C++. It is extremely fast and stable with a standard template library. Not only does it offer good portability but also supports exception handling.
C/C++ languages are now considered low-level languages due to their complex syntax and difficult readability structure. It also has a smaller standard library and no garbage collection.
Top Programming Language: Swift
Swift is used for ios application development. With the rise of ios related products backed by Apple, this programming language is becoming increasingly popular due to its prospective career opportunities.
It is a high-level language due to its English-like syntax and readable codes. It’s very fast and enables adding new features. But it does have low community support and may be unstable as it is a relatively new programming language.
Top Programming Language: Golang(or Go)
Golang or Go is a programming language invented by Google. It is a statically-typed language increasing security and cleaner syntax making it easy to learn. It is encouraged to use for single-page applications due to its smart documentation and fast nature. Companies such as Meta, Microsoft and Netflix actively use this programming language.
However, Golang is not only time-consuming but also lacks versatility and library support, therefore this language is best for individuals sure about programming and their respective careers.
Although there are many programming languages, only a few make the shortlist above. The ones mentioned in this blog are, in our opinion, the best. If you want to start a career as a programmer or advance up the corporate ladder, learning one of these languages is an excellent place to start your transition.